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Call Options

Buying a call option gives you the right (but not the obligation) to purchase 100 shares of a company’s stock at a certain price (called the strike price) from the date you buy the call until the third Friday of a specific month (called the expiration date).

People buy calls because they hope the stock will go up, and they will make a profit, either by selling the calls at a higher price, or by exercising their option (i.e., buying the shares at the strike price when the market price is higher).

Call options are quoted in dollar terms (e.g., $3.50), but they actually cost 100 times the quoted amount (e.g., $350), plus an average of $1.50 commission (charged by my discount broker — commissions charged by other brokers may differ).

Since most stock markets go up over time, and most people invest in stock because they hope prices will rise, there is more interest and activity in call options than there is in put options.

Real World Example of Call Options

Here are some call option prices for a hypothetical XYZ company on November 1, 2010 (price of stock: $45.00):

Expiration Date
Strike Price Nov '10 Dec '10 Jan '12 Terminology of Option
(price of call option)
40 $5.50 $7.00 $18.50 "in-the-money"
(strike price is less than stock price)
45 $2.00 $4.00 $16.00 "at-the-money"
(strike price is equal to stock price)
50 $0.50 $1.00 $14.00 "out-of-the-money"
(strike price is greater than stock price)

The premium is the price a call option buyer pays for the right to be able to buy 100 shares of a stock without actually having to shell out the money the stock would cost. The greater the time period of the option, the greater the premium.

The premium (same as the price) of an in-the-money call is composed of the intrinsic value and the time premium. (I understand that this is confusing. For in-the-money options, the option price, or premium, has a component part that is called the time premium). The intrinsic value is the difference between the stock price and the strike price. Any additional value in the option price is called the time premium. In the above example, the Dec ‘10 40 call is trading at $7.00. The intrinsic value is $5 ($45 stock price less 40 strike price), and the time premium is $2.

Terry's Tips Stock Options Trading Blog

July 30, 2015

Long-Term Options Strategies For Companies You Like

Today I would like to share an article I sent to paying subscribers two months ago. It describes an 8-month options play on Facebook (FB), a company that seems to be doing quite well these days. The spread is a vertical credit put spread which I like because once you place it, you don’t have to make any closing trades (both options hopefully expire worthless, all automatically) as long as the stock is any higher than a pre-determined price. It is actually quite simple to do, so please don’t tune out because its name sounds so confusing.

Terry

Here is the exact article sent out on April 24, 2015:

“A Long-Term Play on Facebook (FB): Last week in my charitable trust account I made a long-term bet that FB would not fall dramatically from here during the balance of 2015. It seems to be a good company that is figuring out how . . .

June 27, 2015

5 Option Strategies if you Think the Market is Headed Lower

A subscriber wrote in and asked what he should do if he thought the market would be 6% lower by the end of September. I thought about his question a little bit, and decided to share my thoughts with you, just in case you have similar feelings at some time along the way.

Terry

5 Option Strategies if you Think the Market is Headed Lower

We will use the S&P 500 tracking stock, SPY, as a proxy for the market. As I write this, SPY is trading just below $210. If it were to fall by 6% by the end of September (3 months from now), it would be trading about $197 at that time. The prices for the possible investments listed below are slightly more costly than the mid-point between the bid and ask prices for the options or the option spreads, and include . . .

June 1, 2015

Why Option Prices are Often Different

This week I would like to discuss why stock option prices are low in some weeks and high in others, and how option spread prices also differ over time. If you ever decide to become an active option investor, you should understand those kinds of important details.

Terry

Why Option Prices are Often Different

The wild card in option prices is implied volatility (IV). When IV is high, option prices are higher than they are when IV is lower. IV is determined by the market’s assessment of how volatile the market will be at certain times. A few generalizations can be made:

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